GDPR: Data Protection - GDPR Policy
Homerton College is fully committed to prepare for and, after 25 May 2018, to comply with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). The GDPR applies to all Colleges that process data relating to their employees, as well as to others including customers, contractors and clients. It sets out principles which should be followed by those who process data; it gives new and extended rights to those whose data is being processed.
To this end, Homerton College endorses fully and adheres to the six principles of data protection, as set out in the Article 5 of the GDPR.
- Data must be processed lawfully, fairly and in a transparent manner in relation to individuals.
- Data must be collected for specified, explicit and legitimate purposes and not further processed in a manner that is incompatible with those purposes.
- Data must be adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purposes for which they are processed.
- Data must be accurate and, where necessary, kept up to date; every reasonable step must be taken to ensure that personal data that are inaccurate, having regard to the purposes for which they are processed, are erased or rectified without delay.
- Data must be kept in a form which permits identification of data subjects for no longer than is necessary for the purposes for which the personal data are processed.
- Data must be processed in a manner that ensures appropriate security of the personal data, including protection against unauthorised or unlawful processing and against accidental loss, destruction or damage, using appropriate technical or Collegeal measures.
These principles must be followed at all times when processing or using personal information. Therefore, through appropriate management and strict application of criteria and controls, the College will:
- observe fully the conditions regarding the fair collection and use of information including the giving of consent
- meet its legal obligations to specify the purposes for which information is used
- collect and process appropriate information only to the extent that it is needed to fulfil our operational needs or to comply with any legal requirements
- ensure the quality of information used
- ensure that the information is held for no longer than is necessary
- ensure that the rights of people about whom information is held can be fully exercised under the GDPR (ie the right to be informed that processing is being undertaken, to access one’s personal information; to prevent processing in certain circumstances, and to correct, rectify, block or erase information that is regarded as incorrect)
- take appropriate technical and Collegeal security measures to safeguard personal information
- publicise and abide by individuals' right to appeal or complain to the supervisory authority (the Information Commissioner's Office (ICO)) in the event that agreement cannot be reached in a dispute regarding data protection
- ensure that personal information is not transferred abroad without suitable safeguards.
Scope and Status of this Policy
All academic and non academic staff.
The Policy does not form part of the formal contract of employment for employees but it is a condition of employment that employees will abide by the rules and policies of the College. Any failure to follow the Data Protection Policy may lead, therefore, to disciplinary proceedings.
Designated Data Protection Officer
The Designated Data Protection Officer (DPO) [the Personnel Manager] will deal with day-to-day matters. Any member of employees, or other individual who considers that the policy has not been followed in respect of personal data about himself or herself should raise the matter with the DPO.
All employees are responsible for:
- checking that any information that they provide to the College in connection with their employment is accurate and up to date
- informing the College of any changes to information that they have provided, e.g. changes of address, either at the time of appointment or subsequently. The College cannot be held responsible for any errors unless the employee has informed it of such changes.
All employees are responsible for ensuring that:
- any personal data that they hold is kept securely
- personal information is not disclosed either orally or in writing or via Web pages or by any other means, accidentally or otherwise, to any unauthorised third party.
Employees should note that unauthorised disclosure will usually be a disciplinary matter, and may be considered gross misconduct in some cases. Personal information should be kept in a locked filing cabinet, drawer, or safe. If it is computerised, it should be coded, encrypted or password protected both on a local hard drive and on a network drive that is regularly backed up. If a copy is kept on removable storage media, that media must itself be kept in a locked filing cabinet, drawer, or safe.
- Advise the DPO of any data breaches as soon as possible.
Personal data breaches will be required to be communicated to the ICO by the DPO ‘without undue delay’ and in any event within 72 hours of the breach being identified unless the breach is unlikely to result in a risk to the rights and freedoms of the data subjects. The breach report will need to include:
- The nature of the breach, including an approximate number of data subjects involved and the categories of personal data affected;
- The likely consequences of the breach; and
- The measures taken or proposed to address the breach and measures being taken to mitigate the stated consequence
The College will also communicate to all affected data subjects without undue delay (unless the breach is unlikely to result in a high risk to the right and freedoms of the data subjects). There are circumstances where such communications is not required:
- Where general measures (technological and organisational) have been adopted to render the personal data as unintelligible to any person not authorized to access it. Eg through encryption or robust password protections.
- Where subsequent actions have removed the risk of the rights or freedoms of data subjects beyond likelihood Where such communication would be one of disproportionate effort providing that the College makes an appropriate public statement instead so that data subjects are informed in an equally effective manner.
- Homerton College backs up data every day and has multiple copies (at least one set for each day of the week and additional weekly ones in order to have at least a month’s worth of data at any one time). Records of these are kept.
- Backups are kept on site are in special heat-proof safes: fire-proofing alone is inadequate.
- Backups are verified regularly by the software and system supplier.
- Firewalls and virus checkers are kept up to date and running, and users are trained in virus avoidance and detection.
- Computers are protected from physical harm, theft or damage, and from electrical surges using protective plugs.
- The College plans for how to deal with loss of electricity, external data links, server failure, and network problems. It uses paper forms where necessary for temporary record keeping.
The GDPR sets a high standard for consent and requires a positive opt-in. Neither pre-ticked boxes nor any other method of default consent are allowed. As required by the GDPR, the College takes a "granular" approach ie it asks for separate consent for separate items and will not use vague or blanket requests for consent. As well as keeping evidence of any consent, the College ensures that people can easily withdraw consent (and tells them how this can be done).
It should be noted, however, that consent is only one of the lawful bases on which data processing depends. In brief, the others include the following.
- Contract: if processing someone’s personal data is necessary to fulfil the College's contractual obligations to them (eg to provide a quote).
- Legal obligation: if processing personal data is necessary to comply with a common law or statutory obligation.
- Vital interests: not one that will occur often as it refers to processing personal data to protect someone’s life (and even then, it cannot be relied on with regard to health data or other special category data if the individual is capable of giving consent.
- Legitimate interests: the most flexible lawful basis for processing and one which applies when data is used in ways people would reasonably expect and which have a minimal privacy impact, or where there is a compelling justification for the processing.
Note that the GDPR provides for special protection for children’s personal data and the College will comply with the requirement to obtain parental or guardian consent for any data processing activity involving anyone under the age of 16.
An employee may request details of personal information which the College holds about him or her under the GDPR. A small fee may be payable and will be based on the administrative cost of providing the information. If an employee would like a copy of the information held on him or her, they should write to the Data Protection Officer at Homerton College, Cambridge CB2 8PH, email@example.com. The requested information will be provided within one month. If there is any reason for delay, that will be communicated within the four week time period. A request which is manifestly unfounded or excessive may be refused. The person concerned will then be informed of their right to contest this decision with the supervisory authority (the ICO).
If an employee believes that any information held on him or her is incorrect or incomplete, then they should write to or email the Data Protection Officer at Homerton College Cambridge CB2 8PH, firstname.lastname@example.org as soon as possible. The College will promptly correct any information found to be incorrect.
Right to be forgotten
Homerton College recognises the right to erasure, also known as the right to be forgotten, laid down in the GDPR. Individuals should contact the Data Protection Officer with requests for the deletion or removal of personal data. These will be acted on provided there is no compelling reason for continued processing and that the exemptions set out in the GDPR do not apply. These exemptions include where the personal data is processed for the exercise or defence of legal claims and to comply with a legal obligation for the performance of a public interest task or exercise of official authority.