Nicolas Nikis is a PhD in Archaeology (Université libre de Bruxelles, 2018). He has been involved over the past years in several research programs in Europe and Africa, and he has conducted archaeological fieldwork in Central Africa. His research focuses on the production and the use of copper in Central Africa and their link with the socio-political context. His current project aims at investigating the history of long-distance exchange networks. It focuses on the main copper deposits, the Niari Basin (south Republic of Congo) and Copperbelt (south-east DRC) and surrounding area, using the 19th-century patterns of exchange as a starting point. Going back in time, these patterns and models of network organisation are compared to historical and archaeological evidence to explore change and continuity in network organisation in the area. The project is funded by the Wiener Anspach Foundation (Brussels).
Archaeology of sub-Saharan Africa, Archaeometallurgy, Past Exchange networks, Socio-economic history, Technology and Culture
- PhD – History, Art History and Archaeology (Université libre de Bruxelles)
- MA – Preventive Archaeology (Université Paul Valery-Montpellier 3)
- MA – Art History and Archaeology (Université libre de Bruxelles)
- BA – Art History and Archaeology (University of Namur, Belgium)
Archaeology of Ancient Copper Metallurgy in the Niari Basin, Republic of Congo
*Rademakers, Frederik W., Nicolas Nikis, Thierry De Putter, and Patrick Degryse. 2019. ‘Provenancing Central African Copper Croisettes: A First Chemical and Lead Isotope Characterisation of Currencies in Central and Southern Africa’. Journal of Archaeological Science 111: 105010.
*Rademakers, Frederik W., Nicolas Nikis, Thierry De Putter, and Patrick Degryse. 2018. ‘Copper Production and Trade in the Niari Basin (Republic of Congo) during the 13th to 19th Centuries CE: Chemical and Lead Isotope Characterization’. Archaeometry 60 (6): 1251–70.
*Nikis, Nicolas. 2018. ‘Production et Commerce Du Cuivre : Le Cas Du Bassin Du Niari Aux 13e et 14e Siècles AD’. In Une Archéologie Des Provinces Septentrionales Du Royaume Kongo, edited by B. Clist, P. de Maret, and K. Bostoen, 391–99. Oxford: Archaeopress.
*Nikis, Nicolas. 2018. ‘Prospections et Sondages Dans Les Zones Cuprifères de Boko-Songho et Mindouli (République Du Congo)’. In Une Archéologie Des Provinces Septentrionales Du Royaume Kongo, edited by B. Clist, P. de Maret, and K. Bostoen, 215–28. Oxford: Archaeopress.
*Cranshof, Els, Nicolas Nikis, and Pierre de Maret. 2018. ‘Ceramics Decorated with Woven Motifs: An Archaeological Kongo Kingdom Identifier?’ In The Kongo Kingdom: Origins, Dynamics and Cosmopolitan Culture of an African Polity, edited by Koen Bostoen and Inge Brinkman, 165–96. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
*Nikis, Nicolas, and Alexandre Livingstone Smith. 2017. ‘Copper, Trade and Polities: Exchange Networks in Southern Central Africa in the 2nd Millennium CE’. Journal of Southern African Studies 43 (5): 895–911.